Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy for Hair Growth

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    There are two types of people with hair loss. The first type accepts it as fate and the second type that tries all means to get hair growth treatment.

    Well, most of you have started as type 2 and have tried shampoos, conditioners, herbal extracts, and thousands of rupees worth hair treatments without any result. And when everything else fails, you accept the fact that hair is not a permanent aspect of life.

    You have thought about hair transplantation, but you are not sure of it. So then, what is the best option for hair growth treatment? Well, there are many options like medications, laser therapy, and PRP therapy in combination with medications.

    If you had been looking for a reliable hair treatment, you must have come across the term PRP therapy for hair growth. In this article, we would discuss what PRP therapy is, how it works, and what are its risks and benefits.

    What is PRP hair treatment?

    PRP treatment stands for platelet-rich plasma treatment. Plasma is the liquid component in blood. Plasma in blood contains platelets, which are cells that help in wound healing, blood clotting, growth, and other functions. Platelet-rich plasma is plasma that contains a higher concentration of platelets. It is generally five to 10 times more than the usual concentration of platelets.

    Platelet-rich plasma is not naturally available. It is derived after drawing blood and separating platelets from the blood sample in a process called centrifugation. This increased concentration of platelets is then combined with blood in order to create platelet-rich plasma.

     How is platelet-rich plasma used for treatments?

    Platelet-rich plasma injections are given for various conditions. This is done to increase the number of platelets. It is known to heal injured tendons, ligaments, muscles, joints, scars, skin areas where there is photo-aging, and areas of alopecia (hair loss).

    Platelet-rich plasma injections have numerous benefits like:

    • Anti-inflammatory properties which are useful for wound healing
    • Tissue-repairing properties for rejuvenation and restoration of damaged tissues
    • Useful for orthopedic conditions like tendonitis, swollen joints, muscle injuries, & tennis elbow
    • Skin rejuvenation and removal of wrinkles, scars, and dark circles under the eyes
    • Hair restoration – PRP hair treatment is a treatment of choice for androgenic and female-pattern alopecia
    • Platelet-rich plasma treatment is non-surgical and has minimal side effects
    • PRP hair treatment is effective as it contains platelet-derived growth factor that enhances hair growth

    How is platelet-rich plasma derived?

    Platelet-rich plasma is derived for hair growth treatment. In the PRP hair treatment, patient’s own blood is drawn for harvesting platelets. The procedure for harvesting platelets is based on certain protocols for PRP treatment which include:

    1. Blood from the vein of patient is obtained in vacutainer tubes
    2. The tube containing blood is then put in a centrifuge (medical equipment) and set for soft speed
    3. After centrifuge, the top yellow layer is separated. This contains plasma. The middle layer contains platelets and white blood cells and the bottom most layer contains red blood cells
    4. In order to obtain platelet-rich plasma, the middle layer containing platelets and white blood cells is transferred into another sterile tube
    5. A fraction of the red blood cells and the middle layer with platelets and white blood cells are put in a centrifuge till the bottom has soft pellet-like consistency
    6. From the above sample in step 5, 2/3rd of the fluid is collected
    7. 1/3rd  of the soft pellet-like consistency is then mixed with the sample in step 6 in order to obtain platelet-rich plasma

    PRP hair treatment – How does it work?

    Platelet-rich plasma is a rich mixture of active compounds that are growth factors. They contain platelet-derived growth factor that helps hair growth. When platelet-rich plasma is injected, there are cellular level changes that trigger essential protein growth. These proteins help in cell growth, and proliferation.  These growth factors and proteins thus synthesized leads to hair regrowth.

    PRP hair treatment and alopecia

    Even though PRP treatment is relatively new, there is growing evidence that it is highly effective for androgenic alopecia and female-pattern hair loss. Positive response from many trials proves that PRP therapy is good for facial rejuvenation, removal of acne scars, and treating alopecia. PRP hair treatment is safe, non-surgical, and has minimal side effects.

    How is PRP administered?

    • After the PRP is derived, the area that is affected by androgenic alopecia is cleansed with 70% alcohol
    • Local anesthesia is administered to the areas that need PRP therapy
    • PRP of specific quantity and concentration is injected into the scalp tissue with a special injection
    • PRP is injected on the patient’s scalp thrice in an interval of one month for each injection

    Results of PRP hair treatment

    In a matter of three months, there are visible results with an increase in the mean hair count, and hair density of both terminal and vellus hairs. There is also significant bulge of the hair follicles right after two weeks of the treatment. In many studies, it was found that PRP hair treatment is effective in low-grade androgenic alopecia.

    Who is/isn’t a candidate for PRP hair treatment?

    When compared to PRP hair treatment, many other hair growth treatments work slower. It takes some time for results to appear. However, a combination of PRP and medications like minoxidil is known to deliver quicker results when it comes to replenishing lost hair in alopecia.

    However, not all people are good candidates for this procedure. A dermatologist or a trichologist is an ideal judge to determine the efficacy of a type of hair treatment that works for specific type of hair loss.    

    Here are some people who are good candidates for PRP hair treatment:

    • Patients with small areas of hair loss (alopecia areata)
    • Patients without chronic conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, liver disorders, blood disorders and skin disorders
    • Patients who are in an early phase of hair loss (receding hairline, hair loss in temples)
    • Patients who have functional hair follicles but have hair loss

    People who are ideal candidates for hair loss can benefit with good results and long hair when PRP hair treatment is done in conjunction with medication and therapies like Mesotherapy.

    Who is not a candidate for PRP hair treatment?

    People with chronic conditions like diabetes, autoimmune conditions, cardiovascular diseases, blood or platelet disorders, people who are on blood thinners, and people with liver conditions are not suitable for PRP hair treatment.

    What are the risks of PRP hair treatment?

    When compared to procedures like hair transplantation, PRP hair treatment is relatively safe and has minimal side effects. Side effects include infections at the site of injection, injury to blood vessels, and formation of scar tissue.

    When it comes to the risks of PRP therapy, doctors decide only the right candidate for this treatment and so risks are significantly reduced. Sometimes, swelling and inflammation at the site of injection may occur; however, this resolves in a day or two.

    How long should one undergo PRP hair treatment?

    PRP hair treatment is an in-office procedure. It is non-surgical and the patient can leave after the session in about an hour. Generally, there are three sessions with a gap of 30 days between each session, but it depends upon the extent of hair loss and the site of hair loss.

    Once the session is completed, patients can leave the clinic and they can also have a shower after 12 hours of the injection. However, it is recommended not to use any harsh chemicals like hair dye or perming agents until 72 hours of the session.

    To know more about this revolutionary hair treatment, contact specialists at Choose Clinic

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